What they don’t tell you about São Tomé and Príncipe

Aerial view of banana shaped beach with rainforest to the left and ocean to the right

We chose São Tomé and Príncipe (STP) as a destination purely by flicking through the pages of the ‘Lonely Planet Guide to the World’ and stopping at random. It seemed as good a method as any. Yet when we started planning our trip, we then found that there is actually very little information about STP in guidebook form or online.

Whilst frustrating at times during the research stage, this lack of practical information was actually rather refreshing. We could make our own discoveries, without feeling we had to follow the well-trodden tourist trail, and we knew we wouldn’t be disappointed by unrealistic high expectations.

São Tomé and Príncipe is a country still very much undiscovered so there isn’t a lot of information for visitors out there. So we’ve put together a few handy tips for anyone planning on travelling to the islands for the first time, things that we would have found useful had we known ourselves.

Man in yellow shirt walking away through a tropical forest surrounded by palm trees
Exploring a local plantation

Flying with TAP to São Tomé

Stopping in Ghana

Most visitors to São Tomé and Príncipe will fly with TAP Air Portugal via Lisbon, which is exactly what we did. We knew that there would be a stop in Accra, Ghana, but didn’t have a clue how long it would be for, or if we’d be getting off the plane. It turns out that the stop is for about 45 minutes, with onward passengers to São Tomé remaining in their seats whilst other passengers disembark, security checks on remaining cabin baggage are carried out, and new passengers board the plane. The cabin is then sprayed.

No In-flight Entertainment

Unusually for a long-haul flight, there was no in-flight entertainment on the TAP Air Portugal flight. Luckily I had clicked on the small print regarding flight facilities so we managed to upload a few movies onto our phones whilst we were over-nighting in Lisbon, so at least we had something to watch, even if it was on a tiny screen. There are USB charging points at the seats. So go prepared, otherwise it’ll be one long and boring flight.

São Tomé Airport

Getting through Immigration

Immigration on arrival at São Tomé was one of the simplest processes we’ve ever experienced at an international airport. No visas are required for UK residents for trips under 15 days, and there was no immigration paperwork to fill out, and no trying to work out which line to stand in (there are two – residents and non-residents). Just have the answers handy to a few simple questions like “how long are you staying for” and “where are you staying” and you shouldn’t have too many problems. It is slow though. There were only two staff working at the immigration desks (we counted a potential five maximum), so try and book a seat at the front of the plane so you can disembark first and be near the front of the queue.

São Tomé Airport Departure Lounge

São Tomé airport has one small departure lounge, but there are plenty of seats, toilets and a small drink/snack counter. It even has air-con!

Blue plastic seating in airport lounge
The Departure Lounge at São Tomé Airport

STP Airways to Príncipe

Seat Allocation

There is no seat allocation on the flight to Príncipe, it’s a free-for-all. So if you want to choose some decent seats, then try and sit close to the check-in desk and be quick on your feet when boarding starts. We had been given the heads up about this so planned accordingly. The best seats on the plane to Príncipe are the front row on the right of the plane as you face forward. There was plenty of leg room (without any charge!) as it’s an emergency exit row, and fantastic views of Príncipe on approach to the island. The views on the left side of the plane weren’t half as good. Leaving Príncipe is the same seat allocation process, but you’ll want to be on one of the single seats on the left if you want views across Príncipe. Just don’t sit in the front row single seat – the single cabin crew member usually sits here and asks anyone in the seat to move.

rows of seats inside a plane
Inside the STP Airways plane between São Tomé and Príncipe – the best seats are the doubles at the front

Baggage Weight Limit on Flight to Príncipe

All our research informed us that there was a 15 kg weight allowance for the STP Airways São Tomé and Príncipe flight. This is for your checked luggage. We found nothing about hand luggage until we were actually here, but it turns out you can have hand luggage as well as the 15 kg checked bag. They weighed the checked baggage (on enormous ancient scales!) but not the hand luggage.

The check in queue at São Tomé airport – see the old fashioned scales!

Read More: The Ultimate 10 Day São Tomé and Príncipe Itinerary

At Príncipe Airport


On arrival at Príncipe we had our temperature taken with one of those hand-held devices held against our forehead. There was no explanation given as to why (presumably it was to prevent outbreaks of illness on the tiny island), and we’re still a little perplexed about what would happen if the staff were not happy with the readings. Surely it would be better to do this prior to leaving São Tomé?

Plane on tarmac
The STP Airways plane at Príncipe Airport

Checking in for Departure

You may be confused as to why on departure from Príncipe you get taken to the airport so early – it’s simple, all security checks are done by hand! We were held outside the ‘airport’ whilst passengers were allowed in one and two at a time. This took ages, and thankfully it was not raining! After dropping passports and booking forms off at one desk you get directed, with all your luggage, to another desk. Here everything gets checked by hand as there are no scanners or metal detectors. This happens in front of other customers, so you might want to make sure your dirty undies are well and truly buried. There seemed to be no hard and fast rules as to what was allowed in hand luggage. For example:

  • My phone charger was removed from my hand luggage and I had to put it in checked luggage, yet Heather was allowed to keep hers in her hand luggage.
  • My small compressed can of deodorant which was 100ml was allowed in hand luggage, yet Heather’s larger can of deodorant, despite only being 75ml was not allowed.
Principe airport
Príncipe Airport

Departure Lounge

Having been through the security bag search, you walk back to the desk, pick up your passport and ticket and move to the departure “lounge” – a door that is about 6 metres from the security bag check. Here your hand luggage gets searched again, as well as your person. All this takes time, so that’s why you’re taken to the airport so early!

The departure lounge at Príncipe is a small, hot room with limited seating. You’ll either want to get there early so you can have a seat, or be at the back of the queue so you don’t have to stand in there for too long. There are toilets back out in the departure hall.

Tiny waiting room (departure lounge) at Príncipe Airport

Take your own Water Bottle

São Tomé and Príncipe is heavily into protecting the environment and recycling, which is fantastic, and you can see on the beaches and in the water just how pristine the coastline is. In the hotels there are glass bottled filled with treated water which is perfectly safe to drink. Yet when it comes to taking water with you out on excursions it wasn’t always as straight forward. Plastic bottles of water aren’t readily available (which is a good thing!), so you really need to take a reusable bottle with you. The hotels where we stayed all had water bottles in their gift shop, but at €25 each we felt that was extortionate and didn’t buy one. There wasn’t always an obvious source of water to fill up bottles either. Sometimes we just asked at the bar, but were never quite sure if that was the right thing to do or not.

Don’t get hung up about the Weather

The weather on São Tomé and Príncipe is confusing and unreliable, so it’s a good idea to plan your trip according to what activities you would like to do, rather than trying to second guess what the climate is going to throw at you. There are four main seasons on São Tomé and Príncipe – main dry, short wet, short dry and long wet!

Read More: An Introduction to Sao Tome and Principe, including the Best Time To Visit

You don’t necessarily get crystal clear skies during a specific season, and even though we went during the ‘main dry season’, there were periods of torrential downpours. Speaking to staff, there is no real pattern to the rain. Unlike in some countries when you know it’ll rain for two hours every afternoon (and can plan accordingly), here in São Tomé and Príncipe, rain could be for three days, three hours or three minutes.

Sheltering under a giant leaf in the rain at Sundy Praia on Príncipe

Food in São Tomé and Príncipe

The food on São Tomé and Príncipe really was quite an adventure, with lots of fresh local produce, some of which we’d never heard of before when it came to vegetables! Being islands, cuisine here is understandably biased towards fish, and whilst there were non-fish options on most menus, they were limited so if this is a concern, you might want to speak to your hotel before arrival. The food we experienced was really inventive, with some incredible (and unusual) flavours, and it was fun trying new dishes.

Plates of local raw vegetables
Local vegetables – how many do you recognise?

Read More: 35 Best Things to do in São Tomé and Príncipe

Service Expectations

We had read some mixed reviews (the limited amount we could find) regarding the level of service on São Tomé and Príncipe, which is why we went on the trip with quite low expectations. However the service everywhere was spot on! Happy, polite, friendly staff who could not have been more helpful. We don’t ever expect staff to speak English and do try and learn a small amount of the local language to show willing, yet we had no problems communicating with staff, whether it be organising/re-scheduling tours or ordering food and drink. It really was a fantastic surprise, given the remote location and the relatively recent introduction of tourism to the islands.

Picnic on Praia Banana - Banana Beach - on Principe island
Our guide BUILT us a table for our picnic lunch on Praia Banana – now that’s service!

Read More: The Best Places To Stay In São Tomé and Príncipe

The Islands really are Stunning

Finally, nothing can really prepare you for just how beautiful these islands are. Any holiday company will gush about pristine sands, turquoise oceans and swaying palms, no matter where you’re going in the world. Yet São Tomé and Príncipe don’t just deliver, they go above and beyond when it comes to a picture postcard perfect holiday. If you’re still undecided on whether to go, then take it from us, you won’t be disappointed!

Palm trees and mountains on a lush island looking out to sea
The Nova Estrela viewpoint on Principe

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Top tips for travelling to Sao Tome and Principe

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  1. says: Gail

    Your posts are very informative, thank you. But a shame your trip was dominated by HBD who subbed the trip. Seemed to be more a blog about the companies resorts than the islands themselves.

    1. says: Heather Cole

      Hi Gail, thanks for stopping by, and we’re glad you found our posts useful.

      And yes, since we stayed at HBD hotels, our trip was of course dominated by our experiences there, how could it not be? Bloody brilliant it was too! They did not “sub” our trip, they gave us a media rate because I happened to be working for a tour operator at the time. They expected nothing in return, and certainly this personal blog formed no part of that arrangement, anything I wrote on here about our STP trip was totally off our own backs. And if you’ve read any more of our blog, you’ll quickly realise that our travel is very hotel/accommodation focused, because that’s what is important to us. Indeed, it’s in our strapline: “Adventure by day, luxury by night”. I’ve actually got heaps more to write about our trip, including our experiences exploring Principe (which is even more amazing than Sao Tome), but haven’t quite had chance to do that yet – I do this blog in my spare time! I hope you get to go someday and visit for yourself, if you haven’t already been.

  2. says: Luke

    Hi Peter, thanks for such an informative article – definitely makes me want to visit this beautiful place! I’ve heard lots of mixed reviews about where to stay on Principe – do you have any suggestions?

    Many thanks, Luke.

    1. says: Heather Cole

      Hi Luke, thanks for stopping by, and glad you found the article useful. There are several different places to stay on Principe, and where you choose really can make or break the trip. We’ve written an article you might find useful here: https://www.conversanttraveller.com/best-places-to-stay-in-sao-tome-and-principe/ and also done a review of Bom Bom here: https://www.conversanttraveller.com/bom-bom-resort-principe-review/ If we returned (which we will, it’s such a stunning place and we’re still raving about it several months after our trip!), we’d go back to Bom Bom. As well as being a beautiful location (in our mind the beaches here are the best on the island), we just felt so relaxed and ‘comfortable’. Sundy Praia is incredible too, especially the rooms, although you’ll need a bigger budget for this (be a great place for a honeymoon) and we felt the setting at Bom Bom was superior. Anyway, have a read and do come back to us if you have any more questions. If you’re wavering on whether to go to STP or not, we urge you to take the plunge. It’s so different from anywhere else we’ve visited in the world, because it’s so ‘untouched’ by tourism and development. Have an incredible time and do let us know how you get on.